Apple Watch Ultra review: an aspirational debut

41 mins read

The Apple Watch Ultra is huge, a lil’ chunky, and goes arduous on options that the typical Joe received’t want of their on a regular basis life. And at $799, it’s the costliest watch within the present Apple Watch lineup (Hermès version excluded). After every week of testing, I don’t suppose it’s going to bump Garmin, Polar, or Coros watches for the Ironman, thru-hiker, or deep-sea diving crowds, not less than not but. But it’s legitimately good for weekend warriors and intermediate athletes — and really tempting for people who aspire to that standing and an entire lot of people that simply need the most important, baddest Apple Watch they’ll get. 

Back earlier than Apple introduced the Ultra (and we thought it’d be referred to as the “Apple Watch Pro”), I wrote in regards to the options it could have to succeed: higher sturdiness and bodily controls, improved battery life, and extra restoration metrics. 

First makes an attempt at new kind elements are a combined bag — promising options with a touch of annoying omissions or kinks that’ll get labored out down the road. This is true of the Ultra, however Apple proved it’s not less than accomplished its homework by including the Action button, beefing up sturdiness together with multiband GPS, and bettering battery life to the purpose the place you don’t should cost each day. It falls brief for Garmin loyalists, however I do suppose it’s sufficient to make just a few of them curious.

How we price and assessment merchandise

I like huge screens and I can’t lie

I don’t usually love huge smartwatches. I’ve petite wrists, and something over 45mm is mostly too uncomfortable for all-day put on, seems ridiculous on my arm, and results in exercise monitoring inaccuracies. But I’ve discovered that some watches “put on small” — the Polar Grit X Pro, Samsung Galaxy Watch 5 Pro, and Suunto 7 all really feel smaller than they give the impression of being. To my shock, the 49mm Apple Watch Ultra is one in every of them.

The Apple Watch Ultra (proper) doesn’t look that a lot larger than the 45mm Series 8. You can even use 44mm or 45mm bands on the Ultra and vice versa.
Photo by Amelia Holowaty Krales / The Verge and Photo by Amelia Holowaty Krales / The Verge

This is a kind of issues that’s arduous to convey by means of footage alone. In images, the Watch Ultra dwarfs my wrist. In particular person, it feels smaller than a few of the 45mm to 47mm spherical watches I’ve examined. I used to be starting to suppose I’d been Ultra-pilled, so I purchased digital calipers so I may verify the scale for myself. It is, certainly, 49mm tall, 44mm vast, and a little bit over 14mm thick — over 3mm thicker than the Series 8. The further thickness isn’t an issue in the summertime, nevertheless it does get caught on the cuffs of my leather-based jacket. With the Alpine Loop strap put in, it’s roughly 57mm lug to lug. That is legitimately wider than my wrist, which measures 46mm throughout. The watch is massive, however consider me after I say it someway doesn’t really feel that huge in particular person.

On the one hand, the bigger display is nice for readability. I’ve obtained unhealthy eyesight, and an enormous display means I can crank up the font measurement so it’s simpler to learn. (Though with a display this huge, nosy buddies would possibly be capable to learn your texts from an honest distance away.) It additionally makes texting through the wrist a lot simpler, particularly in comparison with the typo metropolis I’m used to with swipe to sort on the 41mm Apple Watch I sometimes put on. If these are significant options for you or when you just like the look of an outsized watch, then the Ultra shall be proper up your alley.

With the Alpine Loop on, it’s barely wider than my wrist.

An Apple Watch Ultra with orange Alpine Loop strap on the left wrist of an adult man, with blurred green background.

Even on a bigger wrist, the Apple Watch Ultra nonetheless seems huge. (Nilay’s wrist is 8 inches (203mm) round.)
Photo by Nilay Patel / The Verge

For individuals with extraordinarily petite wrists (below 130mm round), the Ultra simply might not be bodily attainable — and even some people with bigger wrists don’t need an enormous, honking watch. 

My concern with huge smartwatches has all the time been consolation. Many are just too heavy for me, so after I obtained a demo of the Ultra after Apple’s launch occasion, I used to be pleasantly stunned by how mild it felt for its measurement. Now that I’ve worn it for a full week, it’s solidified my concept {that a} 49mm rectangular watch wears like a 50–51mm spherical watch. Thanks to its titanium physique, it weighs 61.3 grams with out the strap, which isn’t too far off from the 61g of the 51mm Fenix 7X. I do discover the load after I’m working in comparison with the Series 8, however just like the Galaxy Watch 5 Pro, it’s not egregious, and the lighter than anticipated weight helps offset the massive dimensions.

Close-up of the Apple Watch Ultra

The skinny grey strip truly permits multiband GPS. Later this fall, the Ultra may even be capable to extra precisely document runs on tracks.

Specced out for efficiency

The Series 8 is a superb watch. It’s quick sufficient and sturdy sufficient for nearly everybody. The Ultra says, “Hold my beer.”

Like the Series 8, the Ultra has an S8 chip, new temperature sensors, the brand new high-g accelerometer, and an improved gyroscope for Crash Detection. The Ultra takes it a step additional by including a water temperature sensor for swimmers and divers and cranks the utmost brightness of the always-on show as much as 2,000 nits for higher visibility in direct daylight. It’s obtained a three-microphone array for higher voice name high quality within the components and a second speaker that may pontificate an emergency siren and will increase the quantity of telephone calls and Siri responses.

Side view of Apple Watch with Ocean band at the pool

Here’s a more in-depth have a look at the button guard, digital crown, facet button, water temperature sensor, and one in every of three microphones.

Close-up of the Action button, speakers, and microphones on the Apple Watch Ultra

Meanwhile, the opposite facet has the Action button, audio system, and extra microphones.

The back of the Apple Watch Ultra

The again of the watch is fabricated from ceramic and has the identical sensors because the Series 8.

It received’t change a dive look ahead to critical divers, however the Ultra has WR100 water resistance and EN13319 certification so you may go scuba diving (right down to an Apple-recommended 40 meters) and partake in high-speed water sports activities. The battery can be 76 % bigger than the 45mm Series 8’s, with an estimated 36 hours of regular utilization on a single cost. You can push that to 60 hours with low-power battery settings. Lastly, Apple additionally added multiband GPS for higher accuracy in difficult environments.

Several design tweaks make the Ultra visually distinct from the Series 8 and SE. The digital crown is bigger, with deeper grooves that make it simpler to show midworkout and a raised guard to forestall unintentional presses. It’s additionally obtained an further bodily management within the type of the customizable Action button. Like the Galaxy Watch 5 Pro, the Ultra has a raised lip to guard the display — although it’s a lot shallower than the Samsung’s. Unlike each different Apple Watch, the Ultra’s face display is totally flat, making it much less prone to get dinged when you smack it in opposition to one thing. (It additionally makes the Ultra actually appear like a mini iPhone in your wrist.)

Close-up of battery screen on Apple Watch Ultra

Nice. I obtained round two days with none low-power mode enabled and about an hour or two of GPS exercise.

The first Apple Watch with multiday battery (if two is “multi”)

Apple has all the time been conservative with battery life estimates for the Watch, sticking with a claimed 18 hours of battery life for the previous few years — even when you’re prone to get a bit extra in apply. The Ultra’s 36-hour battery estimate can be a bit conservative; when you’re not partaking in a triathlon, you’re possible going to get nearer to 48 hours. And that’s with out low-power mode enabled.

Here are some real-life examples, all with out low-power mode turned on:

  • This previous weekend, I charged the Ultra to one hundred pc. I then hiked for 2 hours and quarter-hour, used the compass and GPS extensively, and tracked my sleep that evening. I wakened the subsequent morning with 50 % battery left. 
  • Another day, I went for a 30-minute GPS run and did one other 20-minute rowing exercise. I additionally took a brief name on the watch and ended the day with 84 % battery. 
  • Nilay, our editor-in-chief, managed to get 56 hours on a single cost and nonetheless had 14 % left. He was principally staying at house, so he wasn’t utilizing mobile information or GPS. Still, that ought to offer you an concept of what you’d get when you want just a few relaxation days or aren’t within the Ultra’s health options.

It’s nonetheless solely been every week, however I’ve been often blowing previous the 36-hour estimate. And with its quick charging means, the Ultra is unquestionably the perfect Apple Watch for sleep monitoring. I by no means felt like I wanted to activate the low-power mode with my each day coaching schedule. 

Low-power mode screen on the Apple Watch Ultra

Enabling low-power mode and a forthcoming battery optimization setting will get you an estimated 60 hours on a single cost.

Low-power mode turns off the always-on show and background well being sensors and limits Wi-Fi and mobile connectivity, pausing most push notifications. Heart price and GPS stay on. Apple says that utilizing this mode, you must be capable to get by means of a 2.4-mile swim, a 112-mile bike race, and a full 26.2-mile marathon in a single go — an Ironman triathlon. The Ironman takes roughly 14 hours, relying in your particular person pace, in order that’s round what you may count on. There’s additionally an further battery optimization setting coming later this yr that can prolong battery financial savings even additional.

Not each endurance athlete will want the Ultra’s battery life. I ran a half-marathon with a Series 7 and nonetheless had 50 % battery left, with no battery-saving choices enabled. If you run round a five-hour marathon, the common Series 8 shall be simply advantageous. The Ultra’s longer battery life is extra of a neat perk if you wish to sleep monitor or take part in lengthy occasions. 

The Ultra will deal with a weekend journey, nevertheless it’s not going to outlast a Garmin or Polar if you wish to go on a weeklong backpacking journey. Of course, you don’t have to justify wanting higher battery life. It’s merely one thing to think about if you’re deciding which watch to get.

Close-up of Action button settings screen

The Action button is programmable.

Every Apple Watch ought to have the Action button

The Action button — a big bodily button on the alternative facet of the digital crown — is a much-needed addition. Physical buttons are merely extra dependable if you wish to flip by means of exercise views midexercise. They’re additionally resistant to sweaty fingers and gloves. It not solely improves accessibility nevertheless it’s additionally programmable. Apple ought to put it on each Apple Watch, not simply the Ultra. 

You’ll be prompted to program the Action button throughout setup, although it’s also possible to do it from the Settings menu. (Here’s learn how to do it.) Your choices are Workout, Stopwatch, Waypoint, Backtrack, Dive, Flashlight, and Shortcuts. Depending on which one you choose, you’ll both open up the related app or see a listing of gestures. For instance, when you set it to Workout, you may resolve whether or not a single press will open the Workout app or allow the Precision Start characteristic. The latter will launch proper into the exercise of your selection with out the normal 3-2-1 countdown. There are additionally secondary actions when you’re inside an app. Triathletes can even use the Action button to manually change from one leg of the race to the subsequent, whereas runners can use it to mark segments. Holding the Action button for 5 seconds may even set off the siren.

But one factor I actually love is the way it offers you a extra intuitive approach to pause exercises utilizing bodily controls. On different Apple Watches, you may pause by urgent the digital crown and facet button on the similar time. Depending on the way you orient the watch, it might not be comfy (e.g., sporting it in your proper wrist with the crown and facet button on the appropriate.) Now that the Action button is right here, you may simply press any two of those three buttons to pause. It’s delicate, nevertheless it ensures you can simply pause no matter which manner you’ve oriented the watch.

Apple ought to add the Action button to the Series 9, too

While the vast majority of Action button shortcuts are fitness-related, it’s also possible to set it to set off a Shortcut, which opens up a lot of potentialities. For occasion, you possibly can alert attendees at your subsequent assembly that you simply’re working late — although when you want a devoted button for that, you might need bigger time administration points — or queue up a prime 25 playlist. You can even choose the “what’s a shortcut?” motion, which provides you a greater concept of what the Action button may do. Right now, your decisions are restricted, and Shortcuts are clunky to program — however when you’ve obtained the willpower to tinker with this, extra energy to you.

This is the primary iteration of the Action button, and I can see Apple and builders getting inventive with it down the road. (Psst, I’d like to see it begin timers.) I get why the Action button is getting its debut on the Ultra, however Apple ought to add it to the Series 9, too.  

Sirens, compasses, and multiband GPS — oh my!

The siren is one other Ultra unique that’s meant to attract consideration if you end up injured or misplaced. For that to work, it must be fairly dang loud. Apple says it’s 86db and has a spread of as much as 600 ft, nevertheless it may appear quieter or louder in apply. It begins off low earlier than step by step growing in quantity. It additionally alternates between two sound patterns that mimic misery and SOS alerts. It was blisteringly loud indoors, however my expertise diverse when open air. In a hilly park, a colleague mistook it for a hen — although the Canadian geese close by have been wholly unperturbed by the sound. Another time, I used to be mountain climbing in a reasonably open space with my buddies off within the distance. According to them, it was “freaking loud.” 

Close up of siren screen

You’ll see how a lot battery you have got left on the siren display.

Close-up of emergency screen on Apple Watch Ultra

It’s additionally out there within the new emergency display together with Compass Backtrack.

I solely used the siren for a short while as a result of I didn’t need strangers to suppose I used to be in actual misery. However, when you’ve obtained quite a lot of battery left, the siren can final hours — which is nice when you’re injured in a distant space. You’ll additionally see your battery proportion on the display. I additionally suppose it’d be helpful in on a regular basis life. It is perhaps a placebo, however I really feel safer working in my neighborhood realizing I can draw consideration to myself if I need assistance. I hope to see different corporations copy this concept on future smartwatches.

Meanwhile, the brand new compass options in watchOS 9 improve the mountain climbing expertise on the Ultra (in addition to the Series 6, each SE generations, Series 7, and Series 8). I examined the Waypoints and Backtrack characteristic on a two-hour hike within the mountains the place I barely had any cell sign. Waypoints are digital markers you may drop at your present location as you see match. For instance, I dropped Waypoints within the space the place we parked, the state park customer heart, and several other restrooms, and the Compass app confirmed the gap and route again to every. This got here in clutch when my buddies and I couldn’t load Google Maps to avoid wasting our lives.

Woman modeling Apple Watch Ultra with geese in the background

These geese weren’t bothered by the siren.

I principally didn’t want Backtrack — which helps you retrace your precise route — however I used to be comfortable to have it after we briefly obtained misplaced. One of the gates we’d handed by means of closed early, that means we needed to discover one other path to our vacation spot. The indicators on this explicit path have been small and never that seen, and for a sizzling second, we have been flustered. In this occasion, I used to be relieved {that a} mixture of Waypoints and our Backtrack path helped us know we have been heading in the right direction whereas determining an alternate route. At no level have been we in any hazard, nevertheless it took a load off realizing we didn’t should depend on a single bar of intermittent LTE to assist us out.

Another neat characteristic: if the Ultra detects you’re now not in a Wi-Fi-rich space, it’ll routinely begin the Backtrack characteristic within the background in case you want it. It’s much like how the Apple Watch’s auto-detect exercise characteristic will document walks or runs for 10 minutes earlier than prompting you to begin a exercise.

Closeup of the Backtrack screen

Backtrack got here in useful for me on a current hike.

While we’re with regards to GPS-powered options, multiband GPS utilizing each L1 and L5 frequencies is an enormous deal. Consumer GPS gadgets use the L1 frequency, however a handful of different rugged smartwatches just like the Ultra, Coros Vertix 2, and the Garmin Fenix 7 lineup have additionally added the L5 frequency. There’s some neat science behind it, however the backside line is that you simply’ll get higher GPS accuracy in difficult environments like cities or in dense tree cowl. One distinction with the Ultra is that you simply don’t have to pick multiband GPS within the settings. It simply all the time makes use of it.

On a few of my working routes, I’ve to trek up 4 flights of stairs with the intention to cross a bridge. This often results in some hilarious GPS maps attributable to all of the interference. While I dig these routes, I’m often discouraged from working them as a result of I do know it’s going to mess up my general distance monitoring. Multiband GPS on the Ultra didn’t fully repair this, nevertheless it’s much more correct, as you may see in my screenshots. 

Screenshot of map showing the Ultra’s mapping of a hard GPS area

The stairs of GPS doom on the Ultra.

Runkeeper app screenshot showing much messier GPS tracking than the Ultra’s in the same area

And the identical stairs from the identical run on the Runkeeper app with out multiband GPS…

Not a dive watch, however you may swim with it

As for swimming, I have to confess: I’m no Katie Ledecky. I’m nice at destroying youngsters in water gun fights, however my swimming for train days ended after highschool. We’ll ultimately get my colleague Thomas Ricker’s tackle the Ultra’s means to deal with water sports activities, however for now, you’ll should accept my experiences splish-splashing in my native pool. 

Apple says the Ultra can deal with swimming and scuba diving at depths of as much as 40 meters, and it features a new Depth app that may monitor numerous diving-related metrics like depth, water temperature, and time below water. To begin it, that you must totally submerge the Ultra. My native pool is fairly shallow at 4 foot 9 inches, which the Ultra was capable of verify. When I resurfaced, I may see it reporting in actual time and appropriately recognized zero ft after I was standing within the shallow finish or leaning over the pool edge.

Woman leaning on pool edge wearing Apple Watch Ultra next to a no diving sign.

Like the signal says, no diving. The Ultra is barely cleared for scuba diving as much as 40 meters.

Apple can be working with Huish Outdoors to launch the Oceanic Plus app later this fall. The accuracy would be the similar as with the native depth app, however along with the present depth, water temperature, and time, the Oceanic Plus app will embody decompression limits and different security steerage for divers. Basically, it’ll operate as a wrist-worn dive laptop. 

watchOS 9 and a want checklist for the Ultra 2

The Ultra has the identical well being and health software program because the Series 8, and you’ll learn extra about temperature monitoring, Crash Detection, new working metrics, and exercise views in that assessment. The most important factor that watchOS 9 provides for the Ultra is an unique Wayfinder watchface. I prefer it. The face makes it straightforward to drop Waypoints, and when you scroll the digital crown, the whole lot will flip pink for higher readability at evening. New York City has quite a lot of mild air pollution, so I didn’t get to check the evening mode in a pitch-black setting. But it appeared cool after I turned off the lights and sat in my darkish closet. 

But whereas the Ultra went past my expectations in lots of areas, there are nonetheless just a few issues it wants to enhance to actually compete. 

Close-up of Wayfinder watchface

The Wayfinder watchface is unique to the Ultra.

For starters, restoration metrics are nonetheless nearly nonexistent on the Apple Watch platform. While Garmin has Body Battery and Polar allows you to view your coaching load, Apple doesn’t contextualize restoration for you outdoors of sleep consistency — although it tracks the related metrics like coronary heart price variability. Rest and restoration are very important to any critical athlete’s coaching, and that’s mirrored in fitness-focused wearables. Whoop 4.0 and the Oura Ring are beloved by skilled athletes exactly as a result of they offer perception into how a lot bodily pressure you may tackle. Even Fitbit’s gotten on the readiness prepare with its Daily Readiness Score. Meanwhile, Apple continues to push you to do extra and keep streaks. There’s no approach to hit a pause button when you’re sick or injured.

Apple doesn’t contextualize restoration for you outdoors of sleep consistency

Another factor is satellite tv for pc connectivity. While that is one thing Apple added to the iPhone 14, it’s absent from the Ultra. That’s possible attributable to measurement limitations — there’s a purpose satellite tv for pc telephones are gigantic. But if Apple can shrink a satellite tv for pc radio to slot in a slim iPhone, there’s purpose to consider this would possibly ultimately make its approach to the Ultra. If so, that might be an unimaginable security characteristic for adventurers that might remove the necessity to carry a cumbersome InReach device or a satellite tv for pc telephone. 

Lastly, the Ultra 2 would profit from expanded navigation options. Don’t get me improper — the redesigned Compass app and Backtrack are nice. But it’s not the identical factor as an offline topographical map or turn-by-turn navigation. Those are well-liked with path runners and hikers for a purpose. 

A sportier Apple Watch, not a Garmin alternative

While the Apple Watch Ultra is a superb first try at a rugged smartwatch, it’s a sporty Apple Watch. It’s a lot better at being a smartwatch than any of the multisport health watches, nevertheless it received’t change a multisport health look ahead to critical athletes, not less than not but.

Woman reaching for bottle from the pool while the Apple Watch Ultra sits nearby

It’s sporty and aspirational, however hardcore open air lovers and divers might discover it doesn’t go the additional mile but.

Rugged multisport watches will get you extra in-depth coaching metrics and packages. watchOS 9 added coronary heart price zones and elevation, amongst different issues, however Garmin allows you to see your stamina deplete in actual time. Fitness watches have a lot better mapping options, together with offline topographical maps and turn-by-turn path navigation. The Ultra does have Backtrack, however not the remaining — although third-party apps might emerge that assist shut the hole. Battery life on these watches can be measured in weeks and months, not days. As for display brightness, the Ultra is shiny and higher in indoor settings — nevertheless it’s arduous to beat transflective shows when the solar’s beating down on you.

The Ultra, nonetheless, runs circles round health watches by way of connectivity and ease. Notifications are higher, the UI is extra intuitive, and when you don’t have your telephone, it doesn’t hobble the Ultra’s security options. If you’re apprehensive about nasty falls or crashes or need a siren for assist, the Ultra condenses all of this right into a single gadget. And let’s not overlook music streaming. Working out to tunes is less complicated on the Ultra, and you’ve got many extra choices due to a greater third-party app ecosystem. You can even stream over mobile, whereas different rugged watches depend on offline playlists. When you’re not on the paths, it’s also possible to use the Ultra to regulate your sensible house or do anything you are able to do on an Apple Watch.

Woman using Apple Watch Ultra in a pool

The Ultra will get a Huish Oceanic Plus app for divers who need further security steerage and dive logs.

The Ultra within reason priced for this class, and it’s available starting today at Apple’s on-line and retail shops, in addition to third-party retailers. It’s costly at $799 however not if you’re evaluating it to the Garmin Fenix 7 lineup, which begins at $699. The Garmin Epix 2 has an OLED display, seven-day battery life, and begins at $899. That stated, Garmin, Polar, and Coros even have extra reasonably priced choices within the $400 to $600 vary that may play ball with the Ultra on the health entrance. One factor the Ultra has that these don’t? Cellular. You should pay an further charge along with your provider to activate it, however each Ultra mannequin has mobile functionality. 

Which platform you select is a matter of priorities. The Ultra is the higher wager if you need a watch that’s as glorious indoors in on a regular basis life as it’s open air. But when you don’t care as a lot about sensible options or battery life is your No. 1 must-have, stick along with your Garmin (or Polar or Coros.) If you need each conceivable chart, map, and graph below the solar, the Ultra isn’t going to scratch that itch. 

The Apple Watch Ultra under water

The Ultra is a powerful and considerate debut. I’m betting future variations will work out a few of its weak factors.

While Apple goes to promote a ton of those to weekend warriors, tech dads, and aspiring non-couch potatoes, I’d argue the Ultra is greatest for athletes hovering on the cusp between intermediate and superior ranges. The battery life is greatest for weekend excursions, and the less complicated UI and metrics are preferable when you’ve but to crave overly advanced charts. Hardcore athletes or explorers usually tend to need further options they’re used to that the Ultra doesn’t have. (Yet.)  

All in all, the Ultra is likely one of the greatest debuts in a brand new product class that I’ve seen shortly. A number of thought was put into the Ultra, and it exhibits. It’s not sufficient to make Garmin shake in its boots simply but, nevertheless it’s greater than sufficient to pique curiosity and spark competitors. Apple’s formally a viable contender within the rugged watch class — and I can’t wait to see what comes subsequent.

Correction, September 22, 9:30AM ET: A earlier model of the article referred to the Oceanic Plus app as Ocean Plus. We remorse the error.

Update, September 23, 9:38AM ET: Updated to incorporate availability data, and hyperlink to a How-to for programming the Action button.

Agree to Continue: Apple Watch Ultra

Every sensible gadget now requires you to conform to a sequence of phrases and situations earlier than you need to use it — contracts that nobody truly reads. It’s unimaginable for us to learn and analyze each single one in every of these agreements. But we began counting precisely what number of occasions it’s important to hit “agree” to make use of gadgets after we assessment them since these are agreements most individuals don’t learn and undoubtedly can’t negotiate.

You can solely use the Apple Watch Ultra with an iPhone. That means you’ll have already agreed to the iPhone’s phrases of service and privateness agreements. Using non-obligatory providers, like Apple Pay, Apple Music, or Fitness Plus, along with your Ultra may even include their very own agreements. Using the Health app additionally comes with its personal terms and conditions.

If you select to allow mobile service, you’ll additionally should conform to your provider’s phrases. I activated mobile on T-Mobile and was requested to agree to 1 necessary settlement. If you obtain the Huish Oceanic Plus app, that can require extra non-obligatory agreements.

If you add any third-party apps or integrations, you should additionally conform to these particular person phrases and privateness insurance policies.

Specific to the Apple Watch, you should conform to the next:

Some options, like EKG, may additionally require you to reveal your location information, because it relies on native regulatory clearances.

Final tally: one necessary settlement plus any necessary agreements on your iPhone. Several, a number of non-obligatory agreements.

Source link

Latest from Blog